Historic chimney dating
His famous work, (1570), which emphasized classicism, order, and symmetry regardless of function, influenced English architects such as Inigo Jones and Christopher Wren.
In turn, these principles were brought to the colonies, gaining popularity beginning around 1700 principally through architectural pattern books.
Typical Features: The dominant style for domestic construction in the United States from 1700 to 1780, Georgian architecture grew out of the Italian Renaissance in Europe.
Andrea Palladio (1508-1580), an Italian architect, devised a set of design principles based on the Classical proportions of Roman ruins.
Other notable architects of the period include Benjamin H.
Latrobe (Philadelphia and Virginia), Samuel Mc Intire (Salem, Massachusetts), and Alexander Parris (Maine).
Examples stretch from Maine to Georgia with the zenith in prosperous port cities on the eastern seaboard, particularly Boston, Salem, Newburyport, and Marblehead, Massachusetts; Newport, Providence, Warren, and Bristol, Rhode Island; Portland and Wiscasset, Maine; Portsmouth, New Hampshire; and Philadelphia, New York, Baltimore, and Washington, D. Vernacular examples survive throughout settled areas of the nineteenth century and are least common on the westward edges of expansion and inland rural areas of northern New England that were still sparsely settled.
It could be argued that houses from this period are without style; they were not designed by architects.
Yet several common elements mark these structures and two distinct traditions developed (northern and southern) with corresponding similarities of form and appearance.
Among them was Charles Bulfinch (1763-1844) who is credited with bringing the Federal style to United States after his own European tour.
Asher Benjamin’s (1773-1845) famous pattern books brought Bulfinch’s interpretations of the Adam style to thousands of American carpenters and house wrights.