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Ventris and Chadwick's translation is "carried on both sides." Amphorae varied greatly in height.
The largest stands as tall as 1.5 metres (5 ft) high, while some were fewer than 30 centimetres (12 in) high - the smallest were called amphoriskoi (literally "little amphorae"). There was a significant degree of standardisation in some variants; the wine amphora held a standard measure of about 39 litres (41 US qt), giving rise to the amphora quadrantal as a unit of measure in the Roman Empire.
They provided information on the production, content, and subsequent marketing.
A stamp usually was applied to the amphora at a partially dry stage.
Amphora is a Greco-Roman word developing in ancient Greek during the Bronze Age.The two spellings are transcriptions of amphiphorēwes (plural) and amphorēwe (dual) in Mycenaean Greek from which it may be seen that the short form prevailed on the mainland.Homer uses the long form for metrical reasons, and Herodotus has the short form.They are occasionally so well preserved that the original content is still present, providing information on foodstuffs and mercantile systems.Amphorae were too cheap and plentiful to return to their origin-point and so, when empty, they were broken up at their destination.